Dry eye

The main reason for dry eye is a reduced production of tears by the lacrimal glands. An incorrect proportion of discharge in the tear film can also contribute to the feeling of dry eyes.

Tears: Guardians of the Eyes

The main task of tears is to protect the eyes, keep them moist and enable clear vision. Tears also prevent corneal inflammation and remove foreign bodies from the surface of the eyes in order to prevent damage.

Tear substitutes

The sensation of dry eyes is first relieved using artificial tears. At the same time, we try to remove the cause for the lack of tears. In more severe conditions, additional medications are also used and are chosen depending on the extent of eye impairment as well as the cause of the condition. Regardless of the cause, the goal of treatment is to ensure that the eyes remain as moist as possible. This can be achieved with tears substitutes, interrupting the drainage of tears through the tear ducts and anti-inflammatory and other medications.

Diseases with similar symptoms

There are a series of diseases that cause similar signs and symptoms as dry eye problems, but there is no disturbance of tear production or structure in these cases. The most common among these are blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids), entropion (eyelids turned inward), ectropion (eyelids turned outwards), a disturbance of the blinking reflexes, an allergic reaction to eye drops or ointments, irritations caused by the environment (smoking, sun, wind, air conditioners) and overstraining the eyes.

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