Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment typically occurs because a critical layer of retinal tissue tears and results in tiny openings that allow eye fluid to enter the area just under the retina. This may lead to retinal detachment.

The first signs of detachment

This type of retinal injury is more common in near-sighted people. The cause for this is likely an elongated shape of the eye. The first sign of retinal detachment can be sudden flashes of light or floaters. In its progressive stage, a shadow, or curtain, appears over a portion of the visual field. It is then possible that the patient suffers a complete loss of vision.

Regular examinations of the eye fundus

The main method of preventing severe vison impairment due to retinal detachment is to have regular examinations of the eye fundus. These check-ups should be taken by all individuals who have wide pupils and are therefore at highest risk of retinal detachment. These are primarily patients with high degrees of nearsightedness. It is important to monitor retinal changes with periodic OCT examinations and, if required, with laser sealing of these changes, which can prevent the development of retinal detachment. If retinal detachment should occur, the only effective treatment is surgery that must be performed as soon as possible.

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